Is a type of carbohydrate found in brown seaweeds.This soothing, water-absorbing algae extract is commonly added to thicken hair- and skin-care products and to help makeup glide on smoothly.
Alkaline also known as "basic" — the opposite of acidic. Having a pH ("potential hydrogen") greater than 7. When skin is too alkaline — as a result of eating the wrong foods or using the wrong products — it gets dry, irritated, inflamed, and more prone to wrinkling.
Can be found in many plants such as chamomille or sugar beet and is known for its soothing properties. This chemical moisturizes and encourages cell turnover and great for those with sensitive skin.
ALOE BARBADENSIS (ALOE VERA)
This herb is famous for its gel, which is used to heal minor burns. Its promotion of rapid cell regeneration helps to heal wounds, rashes, fungal infections, and all types of skin problems, especially dry skin. Aloe vera can be made into a juice drink.
ALPHA HYDROXY ACIDS (AHAS)
Are a group of natural acids found in foods or plants. These chemicals loosen the top layers of skin cells. Alpha hydroxy acids are most commonly used for skin conditions such as dry skin, aging skin, acne.
ALPHA LIPOIC ACID
Is a natural chemical that's in every cell, this fatty acid found in all cells in the body.. As an antioxidant, it attacks free radicals throughout the body. It has exfoliating potential ability and enables your skin cells to shed effortlessly and naturally.
The building blocks of the proteins that make up collagen and elastin. Some amino acids can be absorbed from the skin and may aid in tissue repair and regeneration to.help restore them.
A class of flavonoids, depending on their pH, may appear red, purple, blue or black. These pigments are thought to protect against inflammatory diseases and free-radical damage.
Are compounds that inhibit oxidation. They protect from oxidative damage caused by free radicals and environmental aggressors like UV and pollution.
Is a glycoside, that is extracted from the bearberry plant. This complexion-brightening antioxidant is known to be a natural skin- lightener. It helps with correcting hyperpigmentation issues such as age spots and melasma.
Is packed with omega fatty acids, vitamin E, and linoleic acids. This fast-absorbing, vitamin E-rich extract moisturizes without clogging pores, reduces the appearance of fine lines, smooth hair, and strengthen nails.
Is an amino acid that is used in cosmetics and personal care products to protect the skin from free radicals.
ARNICA (ARNICA MONTANA)
Is an herb also known as wolf's bane, that has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, its inherent flavonoids can help strengthen blood vessels to reduce leakage. Applied topically (as a gel or ointment) or taken orally (in low-dose homeopathic tablet form), it's been shown to help reduce the bruising and swelling associated with certain surgeries and cosmetic injections.
Also known as l-ascorbic acid, this topical form of antioxidant vitamin c brightens the skin, increases collagen production, and stems free-radical damage, making it a popular ingredient. (See Vitamin C)
A naturally occurring carotenoid (yellow, orange, or red pigment), found in trout, microalgae, yeast, and shrimp. Studies have shown that long-term supplementation with astaxanthin may help slow skin aging via its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects.
A chemical found in sunscreens, it absorbs UVA rays to reduce their penetration into the skin, but does not protect against UVB rays.
It's a naturally occurring acid found in grains such as barley, wheat, and rye. Used in topical acne treatments, synthetic versions help kill bacteria living in pores while reducing inflammation. It's also used to lighten melasma patches and other hyperpigmented areas.
Is an organic compound and an isomer of naphthalene.It soothes and cleans skin after waxing, while helping to prevent ingrown hairs.
Is an absorbent aluminium phyllosilicate clay consisting mostly of montmorillonite. This absorbent clay is derived, most often, from weathered volcanic ash. Rich in antibacterial minerals, it’s commonly used in “purifying” or “detoxifying” cleansers and masks, as it pulls pollutants.
Its a red-orange pigment found in certain fruits and vegetables, especially carrots. It is a carotenoid and antioxidant. The human body converts beta carotene into vitamin A (retinol). It is said that it can protect the body from free radicals.
Long-chain sugar molecules found in the cell walls of bacteria, fungi, yeasts, algae, lichens, and grains, such as oats and barley. Powerful humectants and soothers, they can strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier and stave off bad germs.
BETA HYDROXY ACID (BHA)
These chemical exfoliants can smooth fine lines, even pigmentation, and penetrate deeply into pores, dissolving sticky plugs of sebum and dead skin. One of the most common BHAs, salicylic acid, is found in many acne washes, creams, and peels.
Is an ultra thin, natural fiber often used for sheet mask material, this biodegradable, bacteria-derived fiber is known for its unparalleled moisture retention and snug fit, both of which help drive active ingredients into the skin.
Also known as vitamin H. It is known to promote hair and nail growth.
Is a terpene found in cannabis that is also commonly produced by the chamomile flower.This floral-scented chamomile extract has been used topically as a moisturizer, anti-inflammatory, and anti-microbial for centuries.
Is a type of skin blemish that forms when the sebum (oil) draining from a pore becomes blocked by a clump of dead skin cells. Its color results from the sebum's pigment, which darkens when exposed to air.
A term for sunscreens proven to defend against both UVA (aging) and UVB (burning) radiation.
Is a protein-digesting enzyme mixture derived from the stem, fruit, and juice of the pineapple. It is known to brighten and even out skin tone.
This herb can also be drunk as a tea or used as a compress for skin problems such as acne and eczema. It soothes boils, bruises, warts, and canker sores.
Is a small organic alcohol used as solvent and conditioning agent. This form of alcohol that draws water from the air, making it a lightweight moisturizing agent.
It is a strand of cannabinoid extracted from the cannabis sativa plant. This oil is mainly for its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and moisturizing properties. The THC has been removed, so it cannot give you a "high".
This naturally occurring amino-acid pairing quells damaging inflammation, glycation, and free-radical activity, and levels of it in our bodies decline with age. Some research indicates that oral supplements and topical creams containing it can stave off premature wrinkling, collagen breakdown, and thinning of the skin.
CARROT SEED OIL
Carrot seed oil is the essential oil extract of the seed from the carrot plant Daucus carota. It helps to balance skin's moisture and also conditions hair.
A protein found in mammalian milk that may contribute to acne in certain people.
Affecting up to 90 percent of women (due to estrogen and genetics), cellulite occurs when fat cells swell and push through the tight, fibrous tissue bands (or septa) walling them in, creating a dimpled or lumpy appearance. Only about 10 percent of men suffer cellulite, as their septa is constructed differently, and better able to contain fat cells to prevent bulging.
Are a family of waxy lipid molecules. They are lipids that help form the skin's barrier and help skin retain moisture
Is a chemical, is known as an emulsifier used to help prevent creams from separating into oil and liquid.
One of the three main lipids (or fat molecules) comprising the skin barrier, it helps prevent water loss to keep skin moisturized and functioning properly.
Found in many fruits, the antioxidant alpha hydroxy acid acts as a natural preservative. When used in peels, masks, and washes, it brightens and exfoliates the upper layers of the skin, encouraging new collagen formation.
This protein makes up 80 percent of the skin, and its fibers give skin its firmness and strength. Collagen naturally breaks down over time, but certain ingredients, such as retinol and peptides, can stimulate new collagen production.
A general term for a pore, or hair follicle, that's blocked by sticky dead skin cells and the sebum that can't drain properly.
Is a coconut-derived surfactant that is plant-derived, biodegradable, and gentle for all hair types.DIHYDROXYACETONE (DHA)
Is a natural carbohydrate that is derived from sugar beets or cane sugar and is a key active ingredient for natural self-tanners.
Is a chemical ingredient derived from silicone, that is used to improve texture and make skin care products smoother.
is short for dimethylaminoethanol, it is produced by the human brain. There are some claims that it can cause skin-tightening.
A Korean ritual of using a cleansing oil in tandem with a water-based face wash to thoroughly dissolve and remove oil-based makeup, sunscreen, and pollutants.
Stretchy structural proteins that allow skin to snap back into its original position when it is poked or pinched.
Is a natural phenol antioxidant found in numerous fruits and vegetables, such as pecans, pomegranates, raspberries, strawberries, cranberries, walnuts, dark-colored grapes, and red wines, and possesses antioxidant and anti-cancer properties.
Any ingredient that increases water levels in the epidermis. It is also known as a moisturizer.
Chemicals such as cetyl alcohol that bind together ingredients in skin-care products. It is also known as a stabilzer.
EPIGALLOCATECHIN GALLATE (EGCG)
The main active component of green tea, this anti-inflammatory polyphenol has been shown to reduce sun damage and slow signs of aging by neutralizing free radicals.
A berry-derived sugar that slowly and subtly darkens the skin. It’s typically used in conjunction with DHA to deliver a longer-lasting, more natural-looking glow.
This plant-derived antioxidant reduces sun damage and helps stabilize vitamins C and E in skin-care products.
A plant extract, it reduces redness, fights free radicals, and calms inflammation.
While they're present in all plants, this class of antioxidant phytochemicals is especially abundant in deeply pigmented fruits and vegetables, along with coffee, nuts, and seeds.
A generic term for natural and/or synthetic compounds used to scent products. Synthetic fragrance is the main cause of allergic reactions to skincare products.
Highly unstable molecules created in the body by sunlight, cigarette smoke, and pollution that latch onto and damage cells in ways that can lead to roughness, sagging, and wrinkling.
Typically sourced from papaya, pineapple, and pumpkin, they break down the keratin proteins comprising dead skin cells, offering a mild form of exfoliation.
A chemical found in the root extract of licorice, this skin-brightening antioxidant inhibits pigment production in the skin.
Found throughout the human body, the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory ingredient has long been used as an oral supplement to relieve arthritis.
It's a humectant, that pulls moisture from the atmosphere to hydrate skin. Commonly used in moisturizers and hydrating cleansers, this is an inexpensive ingredient.
An alpha hydroxy derived from sugar, it dissolves the gluelike substance between skin cells, aiding in exfoliation and improving skin texture. It's commonly used in high-end products, such as cleansers, creams, and peels.
Derived from a small fruit native to Asia, it's rich in zinc, fatty acid, and antioxidants. Taken orally or applied topically, the ingredient claims to slow the signs of aging and fend off environmental damage to skin, though there have been no large clinical studies on humans.
This hydrating ingredient's high fatty acid and antioxidant content makes it a popular addition to moisturizers, wrinkle creams, and hair-care products.
Extracted directly from green-tea leaves, this potent antioxidant fights free radicals and quells inflammation. It's typically used in face creams and lotions.
HEMP SEED OIL
Pressed from the seeds of industrial hemp plants, this supercharged moisturizer packs vitamins, minerals, and essential fatty acids.
Horsetail, whose other name is cola de caballo, used to be used as an exfoliant and probably still is in someplace. An astringent, horsetail is full of silica that supports the suppleness of the skin. It can be drunk in tea but is often dried, powdered and made into a poultice to put on the skin. It can also be added to a warm bath.
A sugar molecule found naturally in the skin it increases the skin's moisture and prevents water loss.
Found in beauty supplements and drinks aiming to plump and hydrate the skin, these collagen proteins have been broken down into smaller peptides to make for easier absorption into the bloodstream.
This class of moisturizing ingredients pulls water from the atmosphere into the top layer of the skin.
Often triggered by UV light exposure, a wound, illness, hormonal changes, or certain drugs, darkening of the skin might appear as a uniform tan, melasma (patches of discoloration), or an isolated acne scar.
The common term for any oral beauty aid — pills, drinks, powders, and the like.
Any substance capable of being injected into the body. In the cosmetic realm, it refers mainly to neuromodulators, fillers, and fat dissolvers.IRISH MOSS
Yes, this is Carrageenan, that additive that thicken, emulsify, and preserve foods. But, when applied to the skin Irish moss acts as a demulcent, which means it soothes inflamed or irritated skin.
JELLY /GEL (EE)
Is a moisturizer that is water-based, that are lightweight in texture and easily absorbed into skin.
Is the liquid produced in the seed of the Simmondsia chinensis plant, a shrub. It penetrates skin to hydrate without clogging pores.
Is a a clay mineral that draws out impurities and absorbs excess oils without causing inflammation or redness.
Is a common skin condition that consists of red bumps that appear on arms and legs. As a result of the skin producing too much of a protein, called keratin.
Is made from several different types of fungi. In addition to being a skin lightener, it is known for it's antimicrobial properties.